Rabies is 99.9% fatal.
It affects the central nervous system and is transmitted through the saliva and nervous tissue of an infected animal. As the disease progresses, symptoms can include delirium, aggression and hallucinations, as well as hydrophobia (fear of water) and foaming at the mouth (related to the paralysis of muscles involved in swallowing).
Rabies causes immense suffering for the patient, enormous distress for relatives and is 99.9% fatal – one of the highest case fatality rates of any known disease. Children are very vulnerable to dying of rabies because of their frequent interactions with dogs and their small size.